The Road to the Kentucky Derby is in full swing, as Kentucky Derby qualifications are in progress. Churchill Downs is once again using a Kentucky Derby points system to determine the list of participants. This year marks the eighth consecutive year where the top thoroughbreds, trainers, and jockeys fight their way through Kentucky Derby prep races.
In this article, we will answer the question–how does a horse qualify for the Kentucky Derby? We will also give you the full schedule of Kentucky Derby qualifications so you know exactly when and where to watch the Kentucky Derby preps.
Because the Kentucky Derby has been postponed to September 5, the Road to Kentucky Derby has been extended, including more qualifying races. Those include the Belmont Stakes and Pegasus, adding even more excitement to these prep events.
Key Races of the Road to the Kentucky Derby
On the Road to the Kentucky Derby, there are three separate roads in which runners can qualify for the Kentucky Derby.
The main road is held in North America (with one race in Dubai) and it consists of 35 races total. 19 races are held in the Prep Season and 16 in the Championship Series.
The other two roads include the series held in Japan and Europe. So, the invitations will also be handed to the points leaders in the seven-race European Road and four-race Japan Road. The races in the European Road take place in England, France, and Ireland.
The Derby field has a limit of 20 runners, with an additional four “also eligibles” in case of late withdrawals. In the fight for a position at the Churchill Downs starting gate, there are 7 races in total which bring a massive 100 points. These are the Louisiana Derby, UAE Derby, Florida Derby, Wood Memorial, Blue Grass, Santa Anita Derby, and Arkansas Derby. Each of the races is extremely important, as they can make or break a runner’s chances of securing a spot.
In fact, many of the winners in these key races have often gone on to win the Kentucky Derby. The Florida Derby and Santa Anita Derby, in particular, have been especially good indicators in the past decade.
Namely, Florida Derby winners ended up winning the Kentucky Derby in 2013 (Orb), 2016 (Nyquist) and 2017 (Always Dreaming). When it comes to the Santa Anita Derby, it was in 2012 (I’ll Have Another), 2014 (California Chrome) and 2018 (Justify). Even Maximum Security, the runner who finished first, but was ultimately disqualified in last year’s Kentucky Derby, won the 2019 Florida Derby.
The Road to the Kentucky Derby 2020 Schedule
Below, we will list the full schedule of the Kentucky Derby qualifications. You will see the full list of races for the Kentucky Derby Prep Season, the Kentucky Derby Championship Series, the European Road to the Kentucky Derby and the Japan Road to the Kentucky Derby. We will also include the list of winners of the races which have so far ended.
In light of the announcement that the Derby will be postponed to September 5, the original schedule has undergone major changes. Some of the key qualifying races have already been canceled, while others were moved to a later date. The officials at Churchill Downs announced that they will reallocate additional points to the races closer to the Derby.
As the organizers are working to iron out the potential scheduling conflicts, the chances we will still see changes in the Derby preps calendar. Not to mention the uncertainty regarding the outbreak and the question of when exactly the normal racing schedule will be allowed to resume.
Kentucky Derby Prep Season 2019–2020
The Road to the Kentucky Derby started out on September 14, 2019, with Grade III Iroquois Stakes at Churchill Downs. Up until the mid-February, some of the greatest thoroughbred runners competed over the course of 19 races. Below, you will find the Kentucky Derby Prep races, together with the winners.
|Iroquois Stakes||Sept. 14||Churchill Downs||Dennis Moment|
|American Pharoah Stakes||Sept. 27||Santa Anita||Eight Rings|
|Breeders’ Futurity||Oct. 5||Keeneland||Maxfield|
|Champagne Stakes||Oct. 5||Belmont Park||Tiz the Law|
|Breeders’ Cup Juvenile||Nov. 1||Del Mar||Storm the Court|
|Kentucky Jockey Club||Nov. 30||Churchill Downs||Silver Prospector|
|Los Alamitos Futurity||Dec. 7||Los Alamitos||Thousand Words|
|Remsen Stakes||Dec. 7||Aqueduct||Shotski|
|Springboard Mile||Dec. 15||Remington Park||Shoplifted|
|Jerome||Jan. 1||Aqueduct||Independence Hall|
|Sham Stakes||Jan. 4||Santa Anita||Authentic|
|Lecomte||Jan. 18||Fair Grounds||Enforceable|
|Smarty Jones||Jan. 24||Oaklawn Park||Gold Street|
|Holy Bull||Feb. 1||Gulfstream Park||Tiz the Law|
|Withers||Feb. 1||Aqueduct||Max Player|
|Robert B. Lewis||Feb. 1||Santa Anita||Thousand Words|
|Sam F. Davis||Feb. 9||Tampa Bay Downs||Sole Volante|
|El Camino Real Derby||Feb. 15||Golden Gate||Azul Coast|
|Southwest||Feb. 17||Oaklawn Park||Silver Prospector|
Kentucky Derby Championship Series 2019-2020
The Kentucky Derby Championship Series usually lasts from the end of February until April. The fact that these races give a more recent insight into the form of Kentucky Derby horses, they are worth more points.
Here is the schedule of races in the Kentucky Derby Championship Series 2019-2020 together with the winners of the races held so far. We will make sure to update the list of winners as new races unfold.
|Risen Star||Feb. 15||Fair Grounds||Mr. Monomoy / Modernist|
|Fountain of Youth||Feb. 29||Gulfstream Park||Ete Indien|
|Gotham Stakes||March 7||Aqueduct||Mischevious Alex|
|San Felipe||March 7||Santa Anita||Authentic|
|Tampa Bay Derby||March 7||Tampa Bay Downs||King Guillermo|
|Jeff Ruby Stakes||March 14||Turfway Park||Field Pass|
|Rebel Stakes||March 14||Oaklawn Park||Nadal|
|Sunland Derby||March 15||Sunland Park||Canceled|
|Louisiana Derby||March 21||Fair Grounds||Wells Bayou|
|UAE Derby||March 28||Meydan Racecourse||Canceled|
|Florida Derby||March 28||Gulfstream Park||TBA|
|Blue Grass||April 4||Keeneland||Postponed|
|Santa Anita Derby||June 6||Santa Anita||Honor A.P.|
|Arkansas Derby||May 2||Oaklawn Park||Nadal / Charlatan|
|Lexington Stakes||April 11||Keeneland||Canceled|
The races above are part of the original road to the Kentucky Derby. Below are the extra races that have been added to the list of qualifying after the new date of the Derby was announced. Please note that this information is subject to change.
|Matt Winn Stakes||May 23||Churchill Downs||Maxfield|
|Belmont Stakes||June 20||Belmont Park||Tiz the Law|
|Ohio Derby||June 27||Thistledown||Dean Martini|
|Los Alamitos Derby||July 4||Los Alamitos Race Course||Uncle Chuck|
|Indiana Derby||July 8||Indiana Grand||Shared Sense|
|Blue Grass||July 11||Keeneland||Art Collector|
|Peter Pan||Jul 16||Saratoga||Country Grammer|
|Haskell Invitational||July 18||Monmouth Park||Authentic|
|Shared Belief||Aug 1||Del Mar||Thousand Words|
|Travers Stakes||Aug 8||Saratoga||Tiz the Law|
|Ellis Park Derby||Aug 9||Ellis Park||Art Collector|
|Pegasus Stakes||August 15||Monmouth Park||Pneumatic|
European Road to Kentucky Derby 2019-2020
For the third consecutive year, the Road to the Kentucky Derby in Europe is held as a stand-alone, seven-race series. Starting with the Royal Lodge Stakes in late September, the series was originally scheduled to conclude in April.
|Royal Lodge Stakes||Sept. 28||Newmarket (GB)||Royal Dornoch|
|Beresford Stakes||Sept. 29||Naas (Ire)||Innisfree|
|Prix Jean-Luc Lagardère||Oct. 6||Chantilly (Fr)||Victor Ludorum|
|Vertem Futurity Trophy||Nov. 1||Doncaster (GB)||Kameko|
|Patton Stakes||Feb. 28||Dundalk (Ire)||Crossfirehurricane|
|Road to the Kentucky Derby Condition Stakes||March 4||Kempton Park (GB)||Chares|
|Cardinal Condition Stakes||April 9||Chelmsford City (GB)||Canceled|
|Ballysax||Jul. 12||Dundalk (Ire)||Nobel Prize|
Japan Road to Kentucky Derby 2019-2020
The four-race series in the Road to Kentucky Derby in Japan will yield one position in the 146th Kentucky Derby. The series starts in late November of 2019 with Cattleya Sho and normally ends with Fukuyru in late March. As Fukuryu awards the most points, the series keeps up the suspense until the very end.
|Cattleya Sho||Nov. 23||Tokyo Racecourse||Dieu du Vin|
|Zen-Nippon Nisai Yushun||Dec. 18||Kawasaki Racecourse||Vacation|
|Hyacinth||Feb. 23||Tokyo Racecourse||Cafe Pharoah|
|Fukuyru||Mar. 29||Nakayama Racecourse||Cafe Pharoah|
Here are the additional Japanese Kentucky Derby prep races:
|Unicorn Stakes||June 21||Tokyo Racecourse||Cafe Pharoah|
|Japan Dirt Derby||July 8||Ohi||American Pharoah Colt|
Road to the Kentucky Oaks
The Kentucky Oaks is the filly equivalent of the Kentucky Derby. The race is limited to fourteen horses. There are also an additional four horses deemed “also eligible”, in case of a withdrawal.
Much like the Road to the Kentucky Derby, the Road to the Kentucky Oaks also has a points system of qualification. It includes 30 races total, held from September through April. Also, like in the Road to The Kentucky Derby, the top four horses in each of the races will earn points that will qualify them for Kentucky Oaks.
Kentucky Derby Points System Explained
In each of the qualifying races, the top four finishers will be awarded a number of points. During the major races in March and April, the points value is higher.
In the next few sections, we will show you how the points are awarded in each series of races.
During the Prep Season, the 1st place gets 10 points, the 2nd gets 4 points, the 3rd gets 2 points and the 4th gets one point. The rules apply to all the races apart from the Breeders’ Cup Juvenile, where the winner gets 20 points, the 2nd gets 8 points, the third gets 4 points, while the 4th gets 2 points.
The Championship Series is divided into two legs. During the first leg of the series, the 1st place gets 50 points, the 2nd gets 20 points, the 3rd gets 10 points, and the 4th gets 5 points.
The second leg features major races, which carry more points. Namely, the 1st place gets 100 points, the 2nd gets 40 points, the 3rd gets 20 points, and the 4th gets 10 points.
Jeff Ruby Steaks and Lexington are Wild Card events, with the 1st place getting 20 points, the 2nd getting 8 points, the 3rd 4 points, and the 4th 2 points.
European Road to the Kentucky Derby
When it comes to the Road to the Kentucky Derby in Europe, the first four races in 2019 award the following points: the 1st place gets 10 points, 2nd gets 4 points, 3rd gets 2 points and 4th gets 1 point.
In the first two races in 2020, the 1st place gets 20 points, 2nd gets 8 points, 3rd gets 4 points, 4th gets 2 points. Finally, in the Cardinal Stakes, the 1st gets 30 points; 2nd gets 12 points; 3rd gets 6 points; 4th gets 3 points.
Japan Road to the Kentucky Derby
Finally, here is how the points are handed out in the Japan Road to the Kentucky Derby.
At Cattleya Sho, the 1st place gets 10 points, 2nd gets 4 points, 3rd gets 2 points and 4th gets 1 point.
In the Zen-Nippon Nisai Yushun race, the 1st place gets 20 points, 2nd gets 8 points, 3rd gets 4 points and 4th gets 2 points.
For the Hyacinth race, the 1st place gets 30 points, 2nd gets 12 points, 3rd gets 6 points and 4th gets 3 points.
Finally, at Fukuyru, the 1st place gets 40 points, 2nd gets 16 points, 3rd gets 8 points and 4th gets 4 points.
Kentucky Derby Points Leaders
So, we have given you the answer to the question–how does a horse qualify for the Kentucky Derby. To recapitulate, there are 20 positions at the starting gate, with the majority of runners coming from the Main Road. An invitation will also be extended to the points leader in the European Road and the Japan Road.
Now, it’s time we took a look at the current Kentucky Derby points leaders. Remember, the number of points shows the runners’ performance during the qualifying races. So, take note especially if you plan to take part in Kentucky Derby online betting.
At the moment of writing, the top 5 points leaders in the Main Road are the following:
- Tiz the Law – 372 points
- Authentic – 200 points
- Art Collector – 150 points
- Honor A.P. – 140 points
- Ny Traffic – 110 points
In the European road, Choice of Mine leads the scoreboard with 11 points.
Finally, in the Japan Road, Cafe Pharoah, so far, has the highest number of points at 70.
Now you are up to date with the current points leaders. However, you should have in mind that the recent changes in the schedule can spell some major changes in the rankings come September. So, make sure to keep up with the latest developments in the coming months.